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Comprised of the oldest and most comprehensive collection of railroad history in the Western Hemisphere, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum, Inc. is a unique cultural and educational asset for the city and the region. An unparalleled roster of the 19th and 20th century railroad equipment, original shop buildings, and surviving tracks at the historic Mt. Clare and Ellicott City sites provide an integrated resource to present virtually every aspect of American railroad development and its impact on our society, culture and economy.
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum: Ellicott City Station is the oldest surviving railroad station in America, and was the original terminus of the first 13 miles of commercial railroad in the country. The site features the Main Depot building, constructed in 1830-31; the freight house, designed by E. Francis Baldwin and built in 1855; a replica of the first horse-drawn passenger rail car, the Pioneer; and a 1927 "I-5" Caboose.
Housed in the freight house is a 40-foot HO-gauge model train layout showing the original thirteen miles of commercial rail track stretching from Baltimore to Ellicott Mills. The operating layout features an introductory video and light show.
Living historians tell the story of the development of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, the nation' s first common carrier railroad, and its impact on Ellicott City between 1827 and 1868.
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